|Viewing videos: Focus on child soldiers|
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In the EHL programme, 'child soldier' means a child who has been recruited or used by an armed force or armed group in any capacity. This includes children who have been used as fighters, cooks, porters, messengers, spies, or for sexual purposes. It does not refer only to children who take a direct part in fighting.
This workshop is divided into two sessions of a little more than two hours: 90 minutes for the first session and 40 for the second. Plan to take a break after "Understand the EHL materials," before moving on to Session 2, "Experience the classroom."
Step 1: Workshop objectives
The teaching methods you will learn in this workshop are "Using stories, photos, and videos," "Writing and reflecting," and "Small groups." You will explore these methods with the help of Exploration 2C: Focus on child soldiers.
This exploration provides a detailed examination of one evolving area of international humanitarian law (IHL): the rules governing the recruitment and use of children by armed forces or armed groups. It raises these questions: "What are the needs of children?" "Why do children become combatants?" "What does international law say?" and "What are the consequences of the use of child soldiers?"
This workshop is designed to raise the same questions for teachers. Its aim is to enable you to familiarise yourself with a variety of pedagogical approaches for exploring the experience of child soldiers.
Take a look at the following workshop objectives:
Overview: What goes on in this workshop?
In this online workshop, you will do Exploration 2C: Focus on child soldiers, as if you were a student. You will also view slide presentations on the teaching methods used in this exploration: "Using stories, photos, and videos," "Writing and reflecting," and "Small groups."
You will need to keep an EHL journal to record your reflections. You may use your own paper journal, or download our journal template and type in your journal entry.
Step 2: Understand the EHL materials (90 minutes)
Read and clarify
Use the EHL journal template for note-taking as you view the slide presentations.
Flash Player is required to view slides; for the text version, see Teaching methods, Writing and reflecting.
Do the exploration
You might be wondering: "Why do I actually have to engage in the activities that my students will do in class? Why can't I just read through them?" Many teachers feel that way initially. By doing the entire exploration as if you were a student, you will absorb the material and the issues related to it as your students will.
Do Exploration 2C . If you are doing this workshop in a group, selected teachers should conduct the exploration, using Steps 1-5. These steps demonstrate that in order to have properly viewed a video, much more has to be done besides just switching on the video player. As a teaching technique, video-viewing may be divided into three parts: Preparation (Steps 1-4), Viewing (Step 5), and Reflection (Step 5).
If you are doing this workshop on your own, invite a few friends or family members to participate, so that you can have a better sense of the experiences of child soldiers and a better understanding of the consequences of recruiting children to be soldiers.
EHL Journal reflection
After doing the exploration, write down your thoughts on the following question: Are there any local issues involving children and violence that could be used in this activity?
Take a break and continue with Session 2 later.