1. Introduce the concept of a dilemma (10 minutes)
Use familiar sayings to illustrate the concept of a dilemma.
For example, "I'm damned if I do and damned if I don't" or "Between a rock and a hard place." [Add something from your students' local culture.]
Encourage students to suggest what a dilemma is. Ask them to give examples, and explain why certain examples are dilemmas.
Identify the main features of a dilemma:
- a situation that requires making a choice among alternative actions (including choosing to do nothing)
- all options have advantages and disadvantages
Point out that in a dilemma, even "making the best of a bad situation" may seem impossible because:
- every option seems likely to cause problems
- the consequences, of all available options, are uncertain
Use one of the stories in the module or a dilemma contributed by the students themselves. Have students propose several actions in response to the dilemma. Then, for each action, use these questions:
- What is the desired consequence of your proposed action?
- Might there be other consequences? (Explore the chains of consequences that might result.)
- What are the unknown or unpredictable elements in the situation?
- Who else is involved? How will they be affected by your action? How will they view your action? How will the views of others affect the outcome?