|Using stories, photos, and videos|
Exploring Humanitarian Law (EHL) engages the mind and the heart. Students "step into the shoes", figuratively, of people affected by war, whether they are civilians, soldiers or humanitarian workers. The programme makes use of one of the oldest techniques of passing on culture-story-telling. The stories, from many cultures, are generally about ethical decision-making. In addition to stories, EHL uses photos and videos, and photo narratives, to introduce students to real situations and to stimulate discussion.
Leading the groupAfter students have read a story, studied a photo or viewed a video, have them write down their thoughts and reactions before discussing what they have just seen. Some stories can be presented with a stopping point where a decision needs to be made. The freeze-frame technique can be used to present stories (see Role-playing in the Methodology section).
In addition to the specific questions you develop for a story, consider this set of general questions when you discuss stories, photos and videos:
1. Situation: Who is in danger? What is the nature of the danger? Who are the bystanders?
2. Options: What are the options available to the bystanders?
3. Consequences: What are the consequences of each course of action (intended/unintended; positive/negative; short-term/long-term)? What are the potential chains of consequences?
4. Perspectives: Consider the viewpoints of the various individuals involved. What guides them as they consider the consequences in a particular situation?
5. Decision: What decision would you make? Why?
During the discussion, have students ponder the following questions:
Materials contributed by students can be put on display, made into a scrapbook, integrated into the course (as a reading in a lesson or to illustrate a concept or experience), or posted on the EHL Virtual Campus to be shared with others.
Dealing with difficulties
Assessing student learning